Ocean assets are valued at $24 trillion, yet are functioning at only a fraction of their capacity. The blue economy, as we define it, is a subset of the ocean economy that depends on thriving ocean ecosystems. If the sector can survive in a sick or polluted ocean then it’s not the blue economy; however, these sectors can be improved to support a thriving blue economy. This team aims to describe broad trends across biological, social, and anthropogenic dimensions to inform decisions to support a resilient, diversified, and growth-based blue economy.